Classroom Action Research (CAR) is a systematic investigation with the aim of informing practice in certain situations. CAR is a way for instructors to find what works best in their own classroom situations, thus allowing decisions about teaching. CAR includes a seven-step process is managed. Instructors can complete a small project in one semester, while the project is more ambitious in scope may require planning ahead or collect data over several semesters.
From this picture, the first step is "Identify Problem Areas". Teachers often have several questions they want to investigate, however, important to limit questions to one that is meaningful and can be done within the confines of their daily work. The second step is to "Review of the Literature". You need background information on your question, but a brief review of secondary sources is adequate for these purposes. One good source of information is the general books on teaching, often available through the teaching and learning center. The third step is to plan "Research Strategy". There is no single best strategy for data collection. Depending on your research question, you might collect data about individual students or entire classes. You might describe a single situation, looked at the relationship between different types of data, or find a cause and effect relationships.
The fourth step is the "Collecting data". The data collection is an important step in deciding what action should be taken. There are many techniques for collecting data: interviews, checklists, portfolios, individual files, diaries / journals, field notes / observation records, logs, pupil-teacher discussion / interaction, questionnaires, audio tapes, video recording, still photography, time- on-task analysis, case studies. Step Five is to "Analyze Data". In using qualitative research, you will collect and analyze at the same time. These processes inform each other. Open to new ways of thinking as you learn more from your data. Sixth is "Taking action based on the results". Your research findings should inform your teaching decisions. If the new strategy of improving student learning, you will continue to use it in the context of teaching. If it does not improve student learning, you may return to your old strategies, or continue to test new strategies. The last step is “Share Your Findings”. Teaching can be a solitary activity, with successes and failures rarely acknowledged to others.
Improve your teaching. CAR will help you find what works best in your own classroom situation. This is a strong integration of teaching and scholarship that provides a solid basis for instructional decisions. CAR easily master the technique provides insight into teaching that produces continuous improvement.
There I can tell you about the Classroom Action Research. I hope this is help you.
- Angelo, T., & Cross, P. (1993). Classroom Assessment Techniques (2nd ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Bruning, J., & Kintz, B.L. (1997). Computational Handbook of Statistics (4th ed.) New York: Longman.
- Cross, P., & Steadman, M. (1996). Classroom Research: Implementing the Scholarship of Teaching, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Nilson, L.B. (1998). Teaching at its Best. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing.
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